Several clinical studies have shown that people with above-normal triglyceride levels (greater than or equal to 200 mg/dL) have an increased risk of heart disease. People with diabetes or who are obese are also likely to have high triglycerides.
Triglycerides and the risk of stroke
It is important to note that triglycerides are only really accurately measured after an 8 to 12 hour fast.
It is believed that the triglycerides/HDL ratio is one of the most potent predictors of heart disease. It is generally considered that if this number is below 2 the person is generally at a low risk of heart disease. So, the lower your triglycerides, or the higher your HDL, the smaller this ratio becomes.
Several studies (2,3) suggest that the level of triglycerides in the blood may help predict heart attack risk as accurately as other, more well-known, blood fats such as HDL and LDL cholesterol levels. High triglycerides alone increased the risk of heart attack nearly 3-fold, according to a report in a 1997 issue of "Circulation" (3). And people with the highest ratio of triglycerides to HDL cholesterol had a risk of heart attack 16 times higher than those with the lowest ratio of triglycerides to HDL in this study of 340 heart attack patients and 340 of their healthy, same age peers. "The ratio of triglycerides to HDL was the strongest predictor of a heart attack, even more accurate than the LDL/HDL ratio," reported the Harvard lead study author.
Lowering your triglycerides level
Fortunately, elevated triglycerides is one of the easiest problems to correct with the appropriate diet. Simple restriction of all sugars and grains.
Sugars and grains and require insulin secretion, which is a potent stimulus to the liver to produce triglycerides, and sugars and grains must be reduced if you are looking to lower your triglycerides.
High triglycerides in the blood are often seen in overweight people. But even people who are not overweight may have stores of fat in their arteries as a result of insulin resistance. These triglycerides in the blood are the direct result of carbohydrates from the diet being converted by insulin. These triglycerides do not come directly from dietary fats. They are made in the liver from any excess sugars which have not been used for energy.
In contrast to the drug options which are traditionally applied, it is inexpensive and simple to substitute green leafy vegetables, which have a low glycemic index, for sugars and grains, and there are no toxic effects.
There is an almost direct correlation between triglyceride levels and insulin levels, although more in some people than others. The way you control blood lipids is by controlling insulin. By getting the insulin levels down, you achieve a reduction in the triglycerides levels. And you get the insulin levels down through diet and exercise.
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Contrary to popular belief, a low fat diet is NOT the solution to lowering high triglycerides levels. The researchers Van Horn and Lichtenstein extensively reviewed the low-fat approach a few years ago (5). Their research suggests that a low-fat diet will produce a result opposite to the desired effect: triglyceride levels will actually increase. This phenomenon is not surprising if one considers that insulin resistance may be one of the driving factors behind elevated triglyceride levels. In fact, insulin resistance may be the cause of many of the problems observed in high-triglyceride states.(6,7)
Triglycerides and cholesterol
If you just listen to the 'experts', you would think that cholesterol is an evil substance and that most of us would benefit from lowering our cholesterol as low as possible.
But it's not so. Cholesterol is a vitally important substance which is used for building our cell membranes and producing several of our hormones. If our cholesterol level drops too low, we are actually at increased risk for depression. (8)
What about the heart drugs? There are likely to be some people who benefit from them, such as people with total cholesterol above 350 who have inherited liver processing problems, but it is probably less than 5% of the people who are currently taking them. More about heart drugs here.
People taking the statin drugs however, should also take Coenzyme Q10, which is important for the health of the heart and is reduced when one takes these statin drugs. The proper way for nearly everybody else to control their triglycerides and cholesterol levels is by reducing their sugar and grain intake. Starting a juicing program which emphasizes raw vegetables is a great way to do this.
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(1) Circulation December 11, 2001;104:2892-2897
(2) Circulation (1997;96:2520-2525)
(3). Gotto AM Jr. Triglyceride: the forgotten risk factor. Circulation 1998;97(11):1027-8.
(4). Ostos MA, Recalde D, Baroukh N, Callejo A, Rouis M, Castro G, et al. Fructose intake increases hyperlipidemia and modifies apolipoprotein expression in apolipoprotein AI-CIII-AIV transgenic mice. J Nutr 2002;132(5):918-23.
(5). Lichtenstein AH, Van Horn L. Very low fat diets. Circulation 1998;98(9):935-9.
(6). Jonkers IJ, van de Ree MA, Smelt AH, de Man FH, Jansen H, Meinders AE, et al. Insulin resistance but not hypertriglyceridemia per se is associated with endothelial dysfunction in chronic hypertriglyceridemia. Cardiovasc Res 2002;53(2): 496-501.
(7). Schwarz JM, Linfoot P, Dare D. Hepatic de novo lipogenesis in normoinsulinemic and hyperinsulinemic subjects consuming high-fat, low-carbohydrate and low-fat, high-carbohydrate isoenergetic diets. Am J Clin Nutr 2003; 77 (1): 43-50
(8) Psychosomatic Medicine 2000;62.
© 2002 Healing Daily